Curious about India?

Glimpse of India….

India at glance

Country Name :  Republic of India; Bharat Ganrajya 

Capital New Delhi
Area 32,87,263 square km
Area wise in the world 7th
Location Longitudes – Between 68o7’E and 97o25’E   Latitudes – Between 8o4’N and 37o6’N
Stretch North to South – 3,214 Kilometers
East to West – 2,933 Kilometers
Land Frontier 15,200 km
Coastline 7517  km
Ocean Surroundings Indian Ocean – Names as  the Arabian Sea on the southwest, the Laccadive Sea or Lakshadweep Sea to the south, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast.
Neighbouring Countries West – Pakistan and Afghanistan.  East – Bangladesh and Myanmar. North – Sinkiang province of China, Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan. South – India is seperated from Sri Lanka by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar
Physical Feature The mainland consists of four well-defined regions:(i)The great mountain zone (ii)The Indo-Gangetic plain (iii)The desert region and  (iv)The Southern Peninsula
Main Rivers
  • Flowing into the Bay of Bengal: Brahmaputra, Ganges, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri
  • Flowing into the Arabian Sea: Indus, Narmada, Tapti
Climate There are four seasons which are recognised by the India Meteorological department. They are – Cold weather, hot weather, rainy season and the season of the retreating south-west monsoon.
Highest Point Kanchenjunga 8,598 m.
Fauna Approx. 89,451 species
National Parks 94
Wildlife Sanctuaries 441  – Wildlife sanctuaries ( IUCN – International Union for Conservation of Nature ). Among these, the 28 Tiger Reserves are governed by Project Tiger, and are of special significance in the conservation of the tiger.
Official Languages Hindi
Population 1,210,710,000(March 2011)(17% of the world’s population)
Population wise place in the world 2nd
Population density 324 person per square kilometer
Population growth Rate 1.312% (2012 est.)
Sex Ratio 933 females per 1000 males
Literacy As per Population Census of India 2011, the Literacy rate of India has shown as improvement of almost 9 percent. It has gone up to 74.04% in 2011 from 65.38% in 2001, thus showing an increase of 9 percent in the last 10 years. It consists of male literacy rate 82.14% and female literacy rate is 65.46%
Male Literacy 82.14 %
Female Literacy 65.46 %

Indian Flag

National Flag The National Flag is the horizontal tricolor of saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle, and  green at the bottom in equal proportion. At the center of the white band is a navy blue wheel, which is a representation of the Ashoka Chakra at Sarnath near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh..
National Emblem The National Emblem of India is derived from the time of the Emperor Ashoka. The emblem is a replica of the Lion of Sarnath, near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. 
National Anthem “Jana Gana Mana ” is the national anthem of India. Written in highly Sanskritised Bengali, it is the first of five stanzas of a Brahmo hymn composed and scored by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. It was officially adopted by the constituent Aseembly as the Indian national anthem on January 24, 1950.
National Song Vande Mataram” composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterji’. It was first sung in the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.
National Animal The majestic ‘Tiger’ is regarded as the National Animal Of India                          tiger
National Bird The Peacock.                                                                                                  peacock
National Fruit Mango –  Described as the “Food of the Gods”.                                                   mango
National Flower   Lotus botanically known as the Nelumbo Nucifera.                                               otus
National Tree Banyan Tree is the National Tree of India. Specially know for his widest reaching roots.
National Calender The Saka calendar. It is used, alongside the Gregorian calendar.
National Days. 26th January (Republic Day) 
15th August (Independence Day) 
2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti; Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday)

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